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Supplements Definition.

Nutritional supplements include vitamins, minerals, herbs, nutritional supplements, sports nutrition, natural nutritional supplements and other related products used in diets

Supplements are used for many purposes. They can be added to the diet to boost health and energy; Provide support for the immune system and reduce the risk of disease and age-related problems: However, most of these products are considered as food. 


The Food and Drug Administration estimates that U.S. dietary supplements totaled $ 19.8 billion in 2003. By category, vitamins grossed $ 6.6 billion in sales, herbal mixture $ 4.2 billion, food supplements $ 2.5 billion, Sports nutrition $ 2.0 billion, minerals $ 1.8 billion and specialty and other products, totaling $ 2.7 billion. The food additive industry provides a huge array of products to meet the needs of consumers.



Vitamins are contained in food, but sufficient amounts of vitamins can be reduced by over-cooking, processing, or improperly storing food. The body requires vitamins to support its basic biochemical functions and lack of them over time can lead to various diseases.

Vitamins are water soluble or fat soluble. Water-soluble vitamins dissolve in water and pass quickly into the body, which means the body needs them on a regular basis. Water-soluble vitamins contain B-complex vitamins and vitamin C. Fat-soluble vitamins are stored in the body’s adipose tissue, which means they stay in the body longer. Fat-soluble vitamins contain vitamins A, D, E and K.




Minerals are essential for the proper functioning of the body. Cells in the body need minerals. Minerals can be bulk minerals that the body uses in greater quantities, or minerals that are used by the body. Bulk minerals include sodium, potassium, calcium, magnesium and phosphorus. Micro minerals include iron, zinc, selenium, iodine, chromium, copper, manganese and more.



Herbal supplements are added to the diet for both nutritional and medicinal purposes. Herbs have been used for centuries in many traditional medicine systems and as sources of phytochemicals, or substances found in plants, that have significant effects on the body.

Chinese medicine and Ayurvedic medicine from India, the world’s two oldest healing systems, use hundreds of herbal medicines. Naturopathy and homeopathy, two other systems of natural healing, also rely on herbal preparations as the main source of medicines.



Meal supplements.

Nutritional supplements are used to replace or fortify food. They can be designed for people with special needs or people with diseases that can affect their digestive ability and nutritional requirements. Nutritional supplements may contain specific mixtures of macronutrients, or proteins, carbohydrates,Fats and fiber. Nutritional supplements are often enriched with vitamins, minerals, herbs and herbs



Sports nutrition

supplements. Food supplements can be created to provide specialized assistance to athletes. Some of them are made up of high protein products, such as amino acid supplements,

While other products contain nutrients that promote metabolism, energy and atmospheric performance and recovery. People who engage in intense sports activities may have increased needs for water-soluble vitamins, antioxidants, and certain minerals, including chromium. Sports drinks contain mixtures of electrolytes (salts) that the body loses during exercise and sweating.



General instructions.

Following support for basic nutritional requirements, supplements can be used to identify specific needs and health conditions. For example, athletes, men, women,

Children, the elderly, and vegetarians have different needs. Informed use of nutrients and supplements addresses these differences. People with health conditions and diseases can use specific supplements to improve their condition and support the body’s healing abilities.


Cautionary measures.

Healthy dietary habits help to optimize nutrition and absorption of supplements, while dietary supplements cannot replace a diet that is not primarily diet-balanced.

Supplements are best used in moderation to meet any additional nutritional requirements. Drinking plenty of clean water prevents dehydration, improves digestion and helps the body expel impurities.



Side effects.

Some supplements can cause allergic reactions, including rash, redness, nausea, sweating, and headache.

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